Types of flooding

River flooding (fluvial flooding)

This is the most well known type of flooding. It happens when the volume of water in a river exceeds its capacity, causing it to overflow onto low-lying adjacent land. This adjacent land is often referred to as a flood plain, and is the most likely area to flood.

Thankfully, river levels are closely monitored therefore this type of flooding can often be forecasted. However, sudden and intense rainfall can often cause flash flooding, meaning little warning is given, so you should always respond quickly to any flood warnings issued.

The Environment Agency and other partners are working together to reduce flood risk, secure the local economy and enhance the River Thames through a proposed programme of projects and investment known as the River Thames Scheme